Yaroslav Spirin
Mobile Tips by Yaroslav Spirin

Mobile Tips by Yaroslav Spirin

Transition Animations in SwiftUI

Photo by Domenico Loia on Unsplash

Transition Animations in SwiftUI

Learn to apply easy-to-use and beautiful animations in SwiftUI

Yaroslav Spirin's photo
Yaroslav Spirin
ยทAug 13, 2022ยท

3 min read

Table of contents

  • Intro
  • Core Material
  • Conclusion

Intro

SwiftUI is a great tool to enable development of UI for small-to-medium size iOS applications. Today I want to show how easy it is to create transition animations in SwiftUI which definitely improves the way users perceive an app.

Core Material

Imagine we are developing an app that operates with cards and we want to implement a feature of adding a new card to an existing deck.

Note: An app that operates with cards is an abstraction and could be any app with cards i.e. a flashcard learning app, a card game app or even a Tinder-like dating app ๐Ÿ˜ˆ

Let's start with basic components.

Card

First, we need to create a model which will represent a card. Let's have emojis on the cards for fun.

let emojis = ["๐Ÿ˜…", "๐Ÿ˜ˆ", "๐Ÿ‘ป", "๐ŸŽŠ", "๐Ÿคก"]

struct Card: Identifiable {
    let id = UUID()
    let emoji = emojis.randomElement()!
}

We add conformace to Identifiable so SwiftUI could distinguish instances of CardView which we cover in a second.

CardView

Now let's implement the view that will represent a card.

struct CardView: View {
    let card: Card
    var body: some View {
        ZStack {
            RoundedRectangle(cornerRadius: 20)
                .foregroundColor(.white)
                .shadow(color: .black.opacity(0.25), radius: 5, x: 4, y: 4)
            Text(card.emoji)
                .font(.system(size: 70))
        }
        .frame(width: 200, height: 320)
    }
}

Content View

The next step is to implement a view that will demonstrate cards, let's call it ContentView.

struct ContentView: View {
    @State var cards: [Card]
    var body: some View {
        ZStack {
            Color.purple
            VStack(spacing: 20) {
                Button {
                    cards.append(Card())
                } label: {
                    Text("Add new card")
                        .bold()
                        .frame(width: 180, height: 60)
                        .foregroundColor(.purple)
                        .background(.white)
                        .cornerRadius(10)
                        .shadow(color: .black.opacity(0.25), radius: 5, x: 4, y: 4)
                }
                ZStack {
                    ForEach(cards) { card in
                        CardView(card: card)
                    }
                }
                Text("Card count: \(cards.count)")
                    .foregroundColor(.white)
            }
        }
        .frame(width: 300, height: 600)
    }
}

Whenever the button is pressed a new card is added to the deck. As you may see below, the action of adding a new card is not animated. Here's what we've got:

Screen Recording 2022-08-13 at 17.36.15 (1).gif

Note: You may need to update the page to see it in action.

Animation

Now with just two lines of code we add the transition animation.

1. We need to add the line to ZStack so that animation is triggered when cards changes:

  var body: some View {
        ZStack {
            ...
        }
        .frame(width: 300, height: 600)
        .animation(.default, value: cards.indices) // Added line
    }

2. We need to enable transition for CardView by specifying the direction from which the card will appear:

ForEach(cards) { card in
    CardView(card: card)
        .transition(.move(edge: .bottom)) // Added line
}

Here's what we've got:

Screen Recording 2022-08-13 at 18.07.23.gif

Note: You may need to update the page to see the animation.

Conclusion

We refreshed our SwiftUI skills to represent a nice card and learned how to add transition animations. Now you know how to make user interface of your app to look nicer.

ย 
Share this